What Are 12 Common Skin Conditions And Their Causes?

Skin makes the first line of defense against physical attack by many types of bacteria and viruses. And when a skin comes under attack, it develops a condition like ringworm and impetigo. But not all skin conditions are due to bacterial or fungal infections as many conditions are genetic or allergic in nature.

The only good thing about most skin conditions is that they are curable. And the treatment starts with knowledge and education on the common skin conditions.

Here’re 12 common skin conditions that affect skin in different ways

  1. Ringworm:

It is a fungal infection caused by fungus found on skin, surfaces and personal items like towels, clothes and bedding. Appears in a ring form, it makes skin red, itchy and cracking.

  1. Rosacea:

It is a chronic and long-lasting skin condition occurring due to stimulation and dilation of facial blood vessels. It results in acne-like breakouts and it affects men harder than women.

  1. Eczema:

Also known as dermatitis, eczema is largely an immune-related genetic condition. It makes skin dry and itchy with raised, red, scaly patches and sometimes fluid-filled blisters.

  1. Contact Dermatitis:

It is a type of eczema that causes when skin comes into contact with a trigger. It could be irritant or allergic. Irritant dermatitis occurs from specific soaps, detergents, metals and cosmetics. Allergic dermatitis has its causes in exposure to allergen.

  1. Impetigo:

It is a bacterial infection resulting in large blisters or crusted sores. Common in children, it appears mostly around the mouth, nose, arms and legs.

  1. Seborrhea Dermatitis (Dandruff):

It appears on scalp and makes crusty, scaly patches on the skin. It is generally found on the scalp of people with thick and oily skin.

  1. Pityriasis Rosea:

It occurs in the form of a large round or oval patch. And since if appears like sloping branches of a tree, if it also called Christmas tree rash. But its real cause isn’t known.

  1. Actinic Keratosis:

It is a precancerous skin stage displayed in the form of flat, scaly and sometimes rough lesions. Since it appears on the places exposed to sun, it has been related to sun exposure.

  1. Jock Itch:

Also known as tinea, it belongs to the family of ringworm and athlete’s foot. It appears mostly on moist areas like groin and buttocks as red and flaky skin.

  1. Tinea Versicolor:

It is a fungal infection caused by a superficial yeast that lives on skin. It appears as patches of discolored skin on the neck, back, shoulders, armpits and upper arms. It is often accompanied with itchiness during sweating.

  1. Pityriasis Rubra Pilaris (PRP):

It is a group of skin conditions resulting in red, scaly patches of skin especially on elbows, knees, ankles, hands and feet. The causes of this disease are unknown.

  1. Cellulitis:

It starts with a superficial infection probably due to bacteria entering the skin through a tiny break. But it could develop into a serious condition, if the bacteria find its way into the bloodstream.

Disclaimer: The information provided about the skin conditions is only for education purpose hence it shouldn’t be used for medical purposes.

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